The U.S. Navy manages nearly three million acres of land, including space for ship, aircraft and equipment maintenance; runways; on-base housing; office buildings; terrestrial training ranges; buffer zones; and other purposes. Over the years, as urban populations have grown and communities have moved closer to the borders of naval facilities, these large areas of land have often become habitat for diverse wildlife, including federal or state-listed threatened and endangered species in some areas.
The Navy develops and implements long-term plans to ensure that wildlife species and their habitats survive and thrive on Navy bases without compromising training and operations. As part of this process, Navy natural resources professionals consult with wildlife conservation agencies on a regular basis. The Navy also collaborates with universities, zoos, and aquaria on successful captive breeding, tracking, and management programs for species at special risk.